For families, the goal of early intervention and early childhood special education is to enable them to provide care for their children and have the resources they need to participate in their own desired family and community activities. Through an iterative process which included extensive input from stakeholders, the Early Childhood Outcomes (ECO) Center (now a part of the ECTA Center) identified five family outcomes to support this goal:
- Families understand their child's strengths, abilities, and special needs.
- Families know their rights and advocate effectively for their child.
- Families help their child develop and learn.
- Families have support systems.
- Families access desired services, programs, and activities in their community.
National Data Analysis
The family outcomes federal reporting requirement for Part C programs was developed from the five ECO outcomes. States are required to report on the percent of families participating in Part C who report that early intervention (EI) services have helped their family:
- Know their rights;
- Effectively communicate their children's needs; and
- Help their children develop and learn.
ECTA Center analyzes and reports a national summary of family outcomes data for Part C each year.
Part C Indicator 4: Family Outcomes Data FFY 2018
DaSy and ECTA staff discuss FFY 2018 results from the Indicator C4 Family Outcomes data, including state approaches to surveys, data quality, performance trends, and resources.
The great majority of families indicate that early intervention has been helpful to them with knowing their rights, communicating their child's needs, and helping their child develop and learn.
States receiving IDEA funds must have a State Performance Plan/Annual Performance Report (SPP/APR) that evaluates their efforts to implement the requirements and purposes of Parts B and C of the IDEA, and reports annually on their performance.
See: Indicator 4
State Approaches to Family Outcomes Measurement
Map of Approaches to Family Outcomes Measurement: Part C APR Indicator 4 FFY 2019 (2019-2020)
Some states used additional tools/approaches to measure other family variables. States use survey methods to collect family outcomes data, but the questions and processes vary. The survey tools commonly used by states are the Family Outcomes Surveys and the NCSEAM Survey. Some states have developed their own survey.
ECO Family Outcomes Survey - Original (N=7)
- American Samoa
- District of Columbia
- U.S. Virgin Islands
ECO Family Outcomes Survey - Revised (N=20)
- New Hampshire
- North Carolina
- North Dakota
- Rhode Island
State-Developed Survey (N=12)
- New Mexico
- Northern Mariana Islands
- South Dakota
NCSEAM Survey (N=17)
- New Jersey
- New York
- Puerto Rico
- South Carolina
- West Virginia