Determining A Child's Eligibility for Preschool Special Education Services RemotelyUpdated March 8, 2021, 2:42 PM
Included here are guidance, considerations, and resources for state staff and local practitioners who are determining Preschool Special Education eligibility remotely, due in part to COVID-19. To accomplish this, many states are now exploring a variety of approaches such as teleconference, videoconference, and sharing information and video synchronously and asynchronously. Effective state policies, procedures, and practices are important to appropriately identify children eligible for Part B Special Education services remotely.
Part B IDEA regulations, that apply to preschoolers, define "evaluation" as "procedures used in accordance with §§300.304 through 300.311 to determine whether a child has a disability and the nature and extent of the special education and related services that the child needs."
See: CFR 34 §300.15
Sometimes the distinction between evaluation and assessment seems artificial in practice. Assessment procedures can provide information that is useful for determining eligibility and evaluation information can add to the understanding of a child's strengths and needs. The distinction between evaluation and assessment can seem imprecise because the term "assessment" is used generically in early childhood to include gathering information for making multiple kinds of decisions. The content in this resource primarily addresses evaluation and assessment practices involved in determining a child's eligibility for Preschool Special Education remotely.
- Remote eligibility determination may require state- or district-level policy and practice changes. Consider the following when reviewing, revising, and establishing guidance.
- Convey the importance of remote eligibility determination. Communicate its importance throughout the system including families, especially those with limited or no access to electronic communication.
- Determine what effective and compliant remote eligibility processes look like and how the state, districts, and programs will evaluate whether these practices are successful.
- Ensure and evaluate equity in timely referrals and remote eligibility determination processes, including family access, team participation, and shared decision-making.
- Determine what virtual processes and changes should be consistent statewide and which allow flexibility at the regional, district, program, and/or team level.
- Remember, principles of quality still apply even as system changes are considered when making remote eligibility a reality. These include, but are not limited to:
- Aligning policy and practice changes with program vision/values/beliefs.
- Considering whether policies are consistent with developmentally appropriate practices.
- Supporting an equitable approach to ensure full participation of all families.
- Collaborating with and considering the input of early intervention, partner programs, and other stakeholders.
- Effectively communicating short- and long-term policy and practice decisions.
Part B RegulationsEvaluations must be:
- Conducted with required parental consent for initial evaluation and for any reevaluation
- Administered by trained and knowledgeable people
- Timely and multidisciplinary
- Comprised of a variety of technically sound tools and strategies
- Inclusive of relevant, functional, developmental, and academic information about the child, from parents and other sources
- Selected and administered to avoid being culturally or racially discriminatory
- Administered in the child's native language or other mode of communication unless it is clearly not feasible to do so
- Conducted so that no single measure or assessment is used as a sole criterion
- Inclusive of all areas related to the suspected disability
The term "policy" is used broadly to include state regulations, guidance, procedural documents, memos, and statements posted to websites.
- Minimize the need for remote eligibility evaluations.
- Determine if information collected through the referral and screening process can be used to reduce the need for remote evaluations.
- Ensure clear understanding of the different ways to access timely and confidential information from physicians and other health providers, as well as other programs, in which the child has participated (e.g., Part C, childcare, Head Start, private therapy, other preschools) that can be used to assist teams with eligibility determination.
- Specify how children transitioning from Early Intervention to Preschool Special Education can be done seamlessly so as to minimize the need for additional evaluation. It is recommended that districts maximize opportunities for practitioners from the sending and receiving agencies to partner with the child and family to ensure they have necessary and timely information for the eligibility decision.
- Determine if a child's existing medical information or other program evaluations and assessments can be used to establish eligibility (e.g., if those records confirm a disability consistent with the state-approved criteria). If so, specify how teams confirm the child's special education eligibility and move to gathering and discussing information for Individualized Education Program (IEP) development.
- Clarify regulatory requirements. Develop guidance, if needed, on how to meet regulatory requirements remotely and in a timely manner. These include procedural safeguards on confidentiality, prior written notice, and consent.
- Define remote practices for promptly requesting parental consent to evaluate children suspected of needing special education services.
- Ensure policy supports and does not impede timely remote evaluations.
Part B Regulations
The initial evaluation must be conducted within 60 calendar days of receiving parental consent for the evaluation. If the State establishes a timeframe within which the evaluation must be conducted, then it must be conducted, within that timeframe.
- Address technology practices. Provide sufficient guidance, infrastructure, training/support, and funding available to ensure accessible, secure, and confidential communication for remote eligibility determination.
- Determine the need for additional/different documentation in children's records and program/state data systems.
- Identify adjustments to data fields, data category definitions, and guidance for system-wide documentation during remote implementation.
- Inform districts and providers about any changes in documentation including any changes in the state data system(s).
- Specify documentation and reports needed for analysis of remote referral and eligibility practices (e.g., by date, location, activity type, outcome, extent of remote evaluation, child/family characteristics, or other identifiers).
- Work with districts to assess the need for any practitioner workload and/or teaming changes.
- Examine impacts of remote eligibility determination practices across the state on caseloads, practitioner time, and teaming efforts; issue additional guidance as needed.
- Determine adjustments needed to support local districts in billing and reimbursement, meet or revise contractual obligations, and address liability concerns to effectively implement policy around remote eligibility.
- Establish guidance regarding families who cannot be contacted, do not have access to the technology needed for remote evaluation, or who are not interested in participating at this time.
- Consider state's response if districts are unable to implement remote practices.
- Determine the need for state guidelines regarding families with limited or no access to technology or electronic communication.
- Help districts determine responsive practices with families who are not interested in remote evaluation.
- Specify synchronous and asynchronous options when children are in different locations (e.g., homes of grandparents or other extended family, foster home, preschool, child care).
Not all families are interested in remote evaluation. Consider the following policies to support these families in addressing the situation:
- Fully describe the importance of remote evaluation and what to expect.
- Listen to families' reservations about remote practices and provide additional information to support informed decision-making.
- Inform families of their rights and all procedural safeguards.
- Establish timelines for subsequent follow-up.
- Clarify documentation expected of districts to track parent decisions for later analysis and use to resolve disputes, if needed.
- Provide resources to share with families (e.g., parent-completed screening tools and activities).
- Collaborate with Parent Training and Information Centers (PTI) and other stakeholder groups.
- Address eligibility uncertainties.
- Ensure policies are in place to reevaluate or revisit eligibility determinations when data are incomplete or ambiguous.
- Clarify how teams can use information about the child's functioning in the context of day-to-day actions and interactions that go beyond test results, to make eligibility determinations especially when there are uncertainties.
- Encourage feedback. Provide opportunities for stakeholders to share feedback about remote assessment and eligibility processes. Use feedback to inform what is working and what improvements are needed.
- Coordinating across staff and contractors/agencies, as applicable, to ensure agreement about technology uses and practices.
- Providing guidance and support to help programs and staff implement established remote eligibility determination policies including access to necessary technology.
- Providing guidance to clarify where flexibility exists and what to do if implementation is not feasible or is unusual.
Doesn't Look Like
- Keeping existing procedures without adjustment.
- Establishing new procedures that do not include considerations for family participation remotely.
- Assuming, in developing new procedures, that all families have access to internet or technology.
- Allowing providers to use whatever digital approaches they know without consideration for confidentiality and privacy safeguards..
- Review the information available and determine what else is needed.
- Access and incorporate information that already exists about the child's functioning or condition during everyday routines. This includes information from providers at other programs in which the child has recently participated (e.g., preschool, Head Start, child care, direct therapy, early intervention), health care providers and parent/caregiver/family.
- Identify ways to obtain necessary new information from multiple sources remotely (e.g., input from parents, practitioners, others familiar with the child, review of medical and other records).
- Identify approaches that are likely to provide relevant, quality information remotely (e.g., family shared video, questionnaires, virtual observations, informal and structured interviews, and conversations) given the family's access to technology.
Part B Regulations
Evaluation procedures must use a variety of assessment tools and strategies to gather relevant functional, developmental, and academic information about the child, including information provided by the parent.
- Use a variety of methods to gather information such as synchronous and asynchronous observations, interviews, caregiver-completed questionnaires, tools, and reviewing records to provide different kinds of information.
- Informed clinical reasoning is an important part of the team's review of information for preschool special education eligibility determination.
- Determine who should be involved.
- Identify, with the family, who needs to participate to obtain a complete picture of the child's functioning. Multidisciplinary practitioner participation is required, and families can identify who else they want included (e.g., one or both parents, other caregivers, foster parent).
- Determine how the identified team members will connect remotely before during, and after the evaluation. Extend the necessary assistance to support full participation.
- Specify if an interpreter is needed and if so, how the team will work with the interpreter.
Involving families as partners and respecting the information they share about their child's functioning is critical for understanding the child's strengths and needs and for making informed decisions. For tips on partnering with families, see ECTA Center's Practice Improvement Tools: Assessment Practice Guides for Practitioners.
- Practitioners scheduling time with other practitioners and with the family as part of information gathering and eligibility planning and implementation.
Doesn't Look Like
- Practitioners functioning independently to evaluate the child and drawing conclusions without collective dialogue.
- Choose the right tools to use remotely. Identify one or more tools that:
- Can be administered remotely and still follow the tool's established administration approach (e.g., interview, observation in natural settings, checklist) so that findings will be valid.
- Make the most of the information families share about their child's functioning.
- Are appropriate for the child's functioning, for example given any sensory, motor, or other impairments.
- Are suitable for the child and family considering cultural and linguistic characteristics.
- Consider if a valid version of the tool is available in different languages and if translation is needed or appropriate.
- Provide the level of precision and type of scoring information needed. For instance, is considerable precision needed to capture delays due to scattered skills or will delays be apparent using most tools? Is a combination of tools needed across domains? Can the tool be confidently administered remotely by the team, given available resources to prepare (e.g., review and practice observation scoring or interviews ahead of time)?
- Norms do not apply when there is a significant difference between the current administration and the norming population or conditions (e.g., when an assessor doesn't follow the directions or use the same materials, when there are language issues such as translation on the fly, or key cultural differences). Most normed assessments that require direct administration by a trained practitioner using standardized language and materials are not well suited for remote administration. See the associated tool tables for more information.
- Many publishers issue statements about using their tools remotely. Consider these statements carefully, as publishers have a vested interest in the purchase and use of their tools.
- Prepare for use of technology.
- Review state and local guidance to ensure compliance with technology and practice specifications regarding correspondence and sharing files with families.
- Conduct technology test runs to ensure that everyone is comfortable and knows what to do in case of a glitch. Talk about camera use (e.g., phone, tablet, or computer) and how it can be placed or moved so the practitioners can observe the child and talk with the parent without being a distraction for the child.
- Determine if closed captioning is needed and if so, what platform will work best.
- Consider ways to minimize distractions and ensure confidentiality for families and practitioners. This includes being mindful of the background and what others will see when interacting remotely on video, letting others in the location know when the video is running so they are not unintentionally seen or heard, and finding locations with the fewest distractions and least potential for interruptions.
- Determine how practitioners will share protocols in advance, complete protocols, and discuss observations and notes together afterwards.
- Talk with the family about what to expect.
- Reinforce the importance of their presence and participation remotely.
- Describe how the practitioners will gather information and observe the child remotely. Explain how:
- The practitioners will ask the family about what the child can do.
- The practitioners may ask the family to try things with the child but they will not direct the child to do things nor engage the child from the computer screen.
- Help the family prepare. Together, determine:
- Which activities, interactions, and materials to include.
- Naturally occurring activities can provide information to assist the team with understanding the child's functioning (e.g., snack time, letting the child play with his/her own toys).
- Consider how siblings or other family members will be involved or engaged in other activities.
- Household things and toys (e.g., measuring cups, books, balls, crayons) will help the team observe varied skills as part of the evaluation. The family should not be expected to purchase anything extra.
- Locations and approaches for child observation.
- Identify locations in/outside of the family's home, that provide the fewest distractions so the team can most easily hear and, if using video, also can see each other.
- Invite the family to share video of the child engaged in typical daily activities ahead of time. If possible, discuss what types of activities would be helpful for the team to see on video. Also, talk about how video could be shared and how it will be discussed, reviewed, and stored.
- Any need or interest in recording the session. If so, obtain consent and follow state and local guidance.
- What information will be sent to the family prior, including their rights and any parent completed tools and information to help them participate. Ensure all information is shared in a way the family can understand.
- If the evaluation is likely to be accomplished in one session or if additional sessions should be planned.
- Which activities, interactions, and materials to include.
- Practitioners meet/correspond ahead of time via secure email, telephone, teleconference to discuss the referral, the extent of the family's concern, and information already available about the child.
- Practitioners actively inquire about and seek out information from other sources, including recently attended day care, programs, and activities.
- Practitioners consider varied assessment approaches and explicitly discuss how to invite and encourage family participation and respect their input.
- Practitioners agree on activities needed, roles, responsibilities, and an effective and confidential communication strategies for themselves before, during and after the evaluation and with the family.
Doesn't Look Like
- Practitioners selecting a tool and not adjusting practices to account for the limitations of remote test administration and eligibility determination.
- Practitioners not intentionally considering or seeking information from other sources, including day care programs and activities in which the child has recently participated.
- Practitioners using the same evaluation process with every family regardless of individual child, family, team, and environmental circumstances.
- Practitioners making decisions about roles and test administration responsibilities arbitrarily, and/or immediately before or during the session with the child and family.
- Reinforce procedural safeguards, parent rights, and secure consent.
- Ensure parent rights and participation are honored remotely and that the family understands and agrees with the purpose and plan before starting.
- Follow state and local processes for documenting consent remotely.
- Consider special circumstances that might compromise confidentiality in discussions given the family's location during remote interactions.
- Help the family fully participate. Send the family information in advance and then, if possible, also use screen sharing or show materials using the camera to facilitate simultaneous review of information.
- Take the time needed to ensure the family's understanding of their rights. Share additional resources as needed, including remotely connecting the family with parent centers or other advocates.
Part B Regulations
Parental consent to conduct an evaluation is required before conducting the evaluation.
- Set the stage.
- Reinforce what to expect and how the evaluation involves child-family routines and observing play time, not test time. Provide the opportunity for the family to ask questions, offer suggestions, and describe examples of the child's functioning.
- Practice active listening and allow necessary response time. Recognize that technology-related delays may require more response time. Encourage family input and feedback throughout the session.
- Consider starting with either the observation or interview portion so the family can actively participate in all parts of the remote evaluation. Be flexible about order and acknowledge the family routines and what the child was doing as the team convened for the remote evaluation.
- Determine with the family how to position the camera to facilitate observation of the child.
- Expect distractions and technology glitches. Be flexible. Have and review the backup plan.
- Practitioners provide the family tips about how to adjust a chair or coffee table, so the camera is focused on the child as he/she moves and plays.
- Example: Two practitioners carefully plan how they will administer the selected test prior to the session with the family. Then, during the session, they are careful about asking the family questions in a coordinated manner, taking time to share their observations along the way, and inviting the family to share their observations and questions.
Doesn't Look Like
- Practitioners dropping off test materials for the parent to use during the evaluation. Training and directing a parent to administer test items in a structured manner as a practitioner would if he or she were with the child.
- Example: Two practitioners deciding at the start of the test which sections they will complete. "I'll do the cognitive and communication sections and you can do the other domains." Then, the practitioners simultaneously administering their sections independent of each other by randomly asking the family questions about the specific skills they are evaluating in their sections of the test.
- Collect information in a way that values and engages the family.
- Ask questions clearly and make time for further discussion, including inviting the family to share their observations and ask questions. Be clear about what aspect of the child's functioning/skill is being discussed. Remote conversations might require more time for the family to reflect and clarify their responses.
- Remember families are reliable reporters of what their child can and cannot yet do and how the child uses skills in different situations. Practitioners must ask good questions to draw out this critical information and consider how those skills relate to age-expected functioning.
- Provide the family a periodic commentary by talking out loud about what practitioners are observing and wondering about to give the family a better understanding of their perspectives and encourage family input. "As I'm watching him look at the book, I notice he is turning the pages and it sounds like he is pretending to read; this is something we'd expect to see at his age." Talk about scoring and invite family input, as appropriate. "Did he do that on his own, or did he imitate something he saw you do?"
- Practitioners ask parents open-ended questions that allow families to describe their child's behaviors. How does she let you know what she wants? How does she move around during the day? Tell me about how she interacts with other children?
- Practitioners invite the family to think about a specific routine or activity that their child has done recently and ask them to describe it. Think about the last time she was at the playground. What did she do there? Or, think about a recent outing, how did she react to strangers she saw?
Doesn't Look Like
- Practitioners ask parents closed-ended questions from the evaluation without encouraging any elaboration when there is a question.
- Practitioners asking parents to make judgements about their child's skills using unfamiliar jargon rather than describing their observations in their own words.
- Discounting parent input when practitioners have not seen what the parent describes or think it seems unlikely based upon their knowledge about the child.
ECTA Center has practice improvement tools that include information on effective collaboration strategies for learning from families about their child's development. Using these tools also promotes compliance with expected IDEA practices.
- Acknowledge natural actions and interactions. Parents are parents, not surrogate test administrators.
- Notice skills that the child demonstrates remotely, beyond the test items. Intentionally watch for the child's authentic interests and the interactions the family naturally initiates with the child. Consider using a running record by objectively documenting a narrative description of the child's actions.
- Gather information from caregivers across settings where the child spends time or has recently spent time. If it is not possible to review information from prior setting(s), the team should determine if information gathered is incomplete and document accordingly.
ECTA Center has practice improvement tools that include information on authentic assessment strategies for conducting child assessments and identifying a child's strengths by observing his or her functioning in everyday routines and situations. Authentic assessment is especially useful for remote assessment because it is based on observation of everyday routines and situations rather than administration of structured tasks.
- Example: The practitioner asks the parent to show the child (Ebert) a book. "Let's see what Ebert does with the book you have there. Can you just set it on the floor by him? We'll observe what he does on his own first." As the facilitating practitioner observes Ebert, she invites the family to comment on Ebert's behaviors. "What did you notice Ebert doing?" The facilitator shares her observations. "As I'm watching him, I'm noticing him looking at the pages, turning a few pages at a time, and I believe I heard him say 'bird'. Was there a bird on that page?" The facilitating practitioner invites the other team member to comment too. "Jenna, what else do you see or wonder about as you watched Ebert interact with the book?"
Doesn't Look Like
- Example: The practitioner asks the parent to precisely administer standardized items to the child, asking the parent to present the test booklet to the child (Ebert) and giving the parent specific instructions about what to say. "As you turn the test booklet page, use these exact words without looking at the correct picture in the book. Say to Ebert, show me the horse. Good, now turn to the next page. Again, use these exact words and say to Ebert, show me the baby."
- Wrap up the session and plan for next steps with the family.
- Share what was learned and invite further discussion as needed.
- Invite feedback about the remote process. What worked? What could be improved upon? What was challenging?
- Discuss next steps regarding the eligibility determination. Together, determine the best way to reconvene remotely (e.g., using the same teleconferencing system or explore other means) and who should be present, including people the family wants to participate.
- Determine how much analysis practitioners will need. If the eligibility decision is clear, practitioners may offer family the option to hold the eligibility meeting as part of the current session, if consistent with state and local policy and procedures.
- Plan for practitioner analysis and interpretation.
- Identify how to share documents and scoring materials remotely for all practitioners to review.
- Determine how and when practitioners will connect remotely to debrief, exchange, and synthesize information collected for the practitioners and family to determine eligibility together.
- Adhere to state/local guidance and ensure confidentiality and privacy safeguards during remote meetings.
- Determine sufficiency and completeness of information collected remotely. Remote data collection may result in insufficient, incomplete, or ambiguous information for decision-making.
- Collaboratively review assessment circumstances and findings from the tools administered remotely. Consider if the team is missing information from any practitioners or sources of information to capture a complete picture.
- Evaluate if the information collected is sufficient to understand the child's full functioning to develop informed opinions and to determine, with the family, if the child meets program eligibility criteria. Practitioners should consider:
- Any limitations about what practitioners could see or hear during the remote session.
- If and how remote test administration impeded capturing an accurate picture of the child's functioning or produced scores with questionable validity.
- How the timing of data influences their understanding of the child's current functioning, (e.g., data from caregivers at child care or preschool several months before home observation).
- How any translation of video or real time observation influenced the snapshot of the child's functioning.
- If each practitioner fully contributed to the remote analysis and interpretation of information collected.
- Determine if additional information needs to be collected to resolve any gaps or discrepancies and how to obtain it remotely.
Part B Regulations
In interpreting evaluation data for the purpose of determining a child's eligibility the team must:
- Draw upon information from a variety of sources, including aptitude and achievement tests, parent input, and teacher recommendations, as well as information about the child's physical condition, social or cultural background, and adaptive behavior; and
- Ensure that information obtained from all of these sources is documented and carefully considered.
- Practitioners work together to carefully review the data collected and deeply consider if or how the remote tool administration and use of technology with the family impacted their findings and resulting conclusions.
- Practitioners prepare a team write-up that clearly describes their discoveries about the child's functioning, relative to eligibility criteria they were considering, including any limitations secondary to having to administer tests remotely.
Doesn't Look Like
- The multidisciplinary practitioners relinquish their team evaluation review and analysis responsibilities to one practitioner who completes and scores the test protocol and writes up findings independent of the other practitioners.
People, not test scores alone, determine a child eligible or ineligible for preschool special education services. It is a team process. Evaluation test scores are one piece of information, but test scores alone do not represent everything the team needs to know about the child's functioning to determine eligibility. Team members should jointly discuss implications of all data, including incomplete or unavailable data, for eligibility determinations.
- Review options when information collected is inconclusive.
- Pinpoint the information that is missing or inconclusive and determine ways to capture it.
- When there are uncertainties about the child's functioning, consider observing or interviewing others about what the child does in day-to-day routines and activities with regard to the skills in question.
- Review state and local guidance to discern how informed opinion can be used to err on the side of finding the child eligible when the assessment information is incomplete or ambiguous.
- Plan for, determine, and document eligibility with the family. Remote eligibility determination should not change best practices.
- Continue to respect the family as a full team member and invite and honor everyone's participation.
- Share information with family members in advance so they can prepare for the eligibility meeting. Advance sharing is particularly important when meeting remotely given difficulties reviewing information efficiently and effectively when people are not together in person. These challenges include reading together at different paces, difficulties fully reviewing documents shared during online meetings and teleconferences, and complications with requiring all parties to have their own access to documents simultaneously.
- Make certain all team members participate in the eligibility determination decision-making process. It is also important for all members to know the options for addressing any disagreements.
- Clarify next steps or options surrounding service delivery, if indicated. Make plans, accordingly. This includes providing clear guidance about what kinds of communication and/or remote interactions to expect.
- Document team decisions and actions in an easily accessible way for future review and follow up. Be clear about the status of the eligibility determination and describe any agreed upon follow-up actions.
- Make sure the family receives copies of all required documents, including results of the eligibility decision and their options.
- The designated practitioner/team lead shares a family-friendly report about the child's functioning with the family prior to the eligibility meeting and according to family preference (e.g., mail, secure email, verbal review).
- Information given to the family before the eligibility meeting is not a surprise because it is consistent with commentary that practitioners shared in real time as they were observing the child together during the assessment.
- Practitioners schedule the eligibility meeting with the family as soon as possible and convene that meeting with consideration for the family's preference and capacity, (e.g., date, time, via videoconference, phone).
Doesn't Look Like
- Practitioners schedule only a brief time to discuss their findings and share their predetermined information about the child's eligibility status with the family.
- The family is surprised at the eligibility meeting to hear how their child's functioning relates to age-expected levels for the child.
- Practitioners rely solely on the test scores as they discuss and determine eligibility with the family.
- Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19): This page from ECTA Center includes the latest information for state Part C and Part B 619 programs, including OSEP Questions and Answers on Providing Services to Children with Disabilities During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Outbreak.
- FAQ Regarding the Delivery of IDEA Early Childhood Services
- Equitably Serving Children with Disabilities and their Families during Coronavirus (COVID-19)
- Supporting Children and Families during the COVID-19 Pandemic
- Considerations for Increasing In-Person Activities and Making Infrastructure Adjustments for Part C During COVID-19
- Transition from IDEA Part C to Part B, Section 619 During COVID-19
- Remote Service Delivery and Distance Learning: This page from ECTA Center includes information about professional organizations and centers devoted to telehealth and equity, as well as additional information on the following:
- Planning for the Use of Video Conferencing for Early Intervention Home Visits during the COVID-19 Pandemic: While this resource is specific to EI, much of the content is applicable to Preschool Special Education as well.
- Applying Assessment Principles to Evaluation for Eligibility Remotely (Section 619)
- DEC Resources to Support Early Intervention and Early Childhood Special Education During the COVID-19 Outbreak
- Provider and Educator Use of Technology: Videos on Engaging Famlies
- AAP Guidance Related to Childcare During COVID-19
- OSERS and OSEP Guidance and Resources specific to children with disabilities during COVID-19
- Video Conferencing 101: Although this resource was developed for EI, much of the content is general and relevant to Preschool Special Education. The document includes an overview of videoconferencing, a checklist of tips and considerations, and links to guidance materials and resources related to service delivery.
- Planning for the Use of Video Conferencing in Preschool Special Education and Early Care and Education during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A compilation of resources for videoconferencing.
- Build Your Own Videoconferencing Skills: Self-Assessment Checklist
- April 2020 Resources Within Reason: Using Telepractice to Support Children and Families: This collection of resources by the Division for Early Childhood (DEC) supports practitioners in using teleconferencing.
- Telecommunications Tip Sheet: This handout from the National Deaf Center on Postsecondary Outcomes provides easy-to-understand definitions of VRS, VRI, and TRS services used to connect hard of hearing and deaf individuals with others.
- How to do psychological testing via telehealth: This article summarizes six principles issued by the American Psychological Association on conducting tele-assessments while social distancing.
- COS Completion When Teams Can't Meet In Person: This document from ECTA Center and DaSy Center focuses on best practices for team meetings about child functioning and outcomes for accountability, but it also includes information and resources applicable to assessment and eligibility.
- American Speech-Language Hearing Association (ASHA)'s website contains a wealth of information about working with interpreters before, during, and after assessments.
- Cultural and Linguistic Diversity: This page from ECTA Center features resources on assessment.
- Best practices for remote psychological assessment via telehealth technologies: This article by David D. Luxton, Larry D. Pruitt, and Janyce E. Osenbach establishes the need for practitioners and researchers to be aware of what influences the psychometric properties of telehealth-based assessments to assure optimal and competent assessments.
- DEC Concept Paper: Developmental Delay as an Eligibility Category (2009)
- DEC Recommended Practices: In addition to the evidence-based practices on assessment, also see the recommended practices on family, and teaming and collaboration.
- Practice Improvement Tools: Assessment: These checklists and practice guides from ECTA Center include resources on informed clinical reasoning, including practice guides and performance checklists.
- Early Childhood Recommended Practice Modules: Module 7: Assessment
- Practice Videos from The Desired Results Training and Technical Assistance Project
- Results Matter Video Library from the Colorado Department of Education
- Promoting Positive Outcomes for Children With Disabilities: Recommendations for Curriculum, Assessment, and Program Evaluation (2007, DEC)
- Observation and Assessment (2020): In this book, Gina Peterson and Emily Elam provide an overview of general content about effective and authentic assessment. In section 3.4, there are also rich descriptions about using running records to record observations.
Three tool tables have been developed to identify assessment tools with potential for remote administration.
This table includes tools which provide information about whether a child's performance is consistent with age-expected functioning or needs further evaluation.
Norm-Referenced Assessment Tools for Children Birth to Age Five Years with Potential for Remote Administration for Eligibility Determination
This table includes standardized instruments which provide information on a child's performance relative to a norming group.
This table includes instruments that compare a child's performance against a set of standards or criteria that often reflect developmental sequences.
To suggest additional resources, or provide comments, contact email@example.com
The contents of this product were developed under grants from the U.S. Department of Education, #H373Z190002 and #H326P170001. However, those contents do not necessarily represent the policy of the U.S. Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government. Project Officers: Meredith Miceli, Amy Bae, and Julia Martin Eile.