Improving Systems, Practices, and Outcomes

Read the latest on COVID-19 and Tele-Intervention and Distance Learning, and review recent webinars on these topics!

Specific Disability Populations and Children At-Risk

Autism Spectrum Disorders

See also: Recursos en Español: Información Sobre el Autismo


Child Maltreatment

See: Child Maltreatment: Referral Requirements under CAPTA and IDEA


Communication Disorders

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)

The Identify the Signs campaign provides materials to support earlier identification of speech/language, hearing loss and communication disorders. These materials include:


Deaf-Blindness/Combined Vision and Hearing Loss

The National Center on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB)

The National Center on Deaf-Blindness (NCDB) is a technical assistance center funded by the US Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs. NCDB works to improve the quality of life for children who are Deaf-Blind and their families. National initiatives include:


Deaf/Hard of Hearing

Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA)

HRSA administers the Early Hearing Detection and Intervention Program and provides grants to states, territories, families, and providers In order to develop coordinated systems of care. The goal is early identification of newborns, infants and young children who are deaf or hard of hearing in order to get needed services.


Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities


Office of Special Education Programs


National Center for Hearing Assessment and Management (NCHAM)

NCHAM provides extensive resources for families of young children who are deaf or hard of hearing and for those who provide their services.


American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA)

  • Identify the Signs is a campaign that provides materials to support earlier identification of speech/language, hearing loss and communication disorders, including Know the Signs of Hearing Loss.

Fragile X


Learning Disabilities

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Development

Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute for Child Health and Development has an informational page on Learning Disabilities that describes Learning Disabilities and the signs, diagnosis, treatment options, studies and resources for parents and professionals.


Mental Health and Challenging Behaviors

Office of Special Education Programs

  • Fostering Healthy Social & Emotional Development in Young Children: Tips for Early Childhood Teachers and Providers (2015). Provides ideas for working with infants, toddlers and preschoolers and strategies for supporting social and emotional development including use of positive discipline practices, encouraging positive behaviors, and teaching young children how to recognize and talk about emotions.
  • National Center for Pyramid Model Innovations assists states and programs to implement the Pyramid Model for Supporting Social Emotional Competence in Infants and Young Children (Pyramid Model) within early intervention and early education programs. The focus in on promoting the social, emotional, and behavioral outcomes of young children birth to five, reducing the use of inappropriate discipline practices, promoting family engagement, using data for decision-making, integrating early childhood and infant mental health consultation and fostering inclusion.

National Head Start Technical Assistance Centers


Prenatal Exposure to Substances

See: Young Children Exposed Prenatally to Substances and Their Families


Visual Impairments

Office of Special Education Programs

  • Eligibility Determinations for Children with a visual impairment (2017): This memorandum policy letter from OSEP provides additional guidance to assist states with supporting their local education agencies in reaching appropriate eligibility determinations for children with a visual impairment disability, including blindness. Links to resources are included to help states examine their procedures that relate to the identification and evaluation of children with this disability.

Prevent Blindness

Your Baby's Developing Sight with stages of vision development and the following resources for parents:


Zika Virus

Centers for Disease Control

The Centers for Disease Control maintains information on Zika and Pregnancy:

See also: eNotes on Zika Virus