Improving Systems, Practices and Outcomes

Early Childhood Data Sources By Topic

Most recent additions to this page:

This page provides links to national and state-by-state data, policies and initiatives related to early childhood care and education. Resources that are specific to one topic are organized by topic. However, a number of the resources include information on state policies and laws that cover multiple topics. Those are placed together in the last section, entitled State Policies, Laws and Budgets - Multiple Topics. See also, our topical Web page on National/Federal Early Childhood Initiatives.

Abuse and Neglect/Child Welfare

WWW: Child Maltreatment 2014

(January 2016) Children's Bureau

Provides national and state statistics on topics that include reports of abuse and neglect, child characteristics, fatalities, perpetrators, and services provided to children and families. See also, past Child Maltreatment reports.

WWW: Knowing the Numbers: Accessing and Using Child Welfare Data

(September 2014) Child Trends

Provides an overview of data sources that are useful to the child welfare community and answers the following questions: What are the major data sources? What can I do with the data/what can they tell me? How do I access them (both the public-use datasets with child-level information, as well as summary data)?

WWW: State Statutes Series: Definitions of Child Abuse and Neglect

(2014) Child Welfare Information Gateway

Provides State laws that define the conduct, acts, and omissions that constitute child abuse or neglect that must be reported to child protective agencies. Summaries of laws for all States and U.S. territories are included.

WWW: Changing the Course for Infants and Toddlers: A Survey of State Child Welfare Policies and Initiatives

(September 2013) ZERO TO THREE and Child Trends

This report summarizing findings from a 2013 survey of state child welfare agencies finds that few states differentiate services or timelines for infants and toddlers from those for older children and relatively few have implemented promising approaches to meeting the unique developmental needs of infants and toddlers.

WWW: Child Welfare State Statutes Database

(updated regularly) Child Welfare Information Gateway

This database allows you to search state statutes for issues related to child abuse and neglect, child welfare, and adoption. It provides summaries of state statutes (and full text, in some cases).

WWW: State Child Welfare Policy Database

(various dates, this database was launched in 2009) Child Trends

Provides state-by-state policy information on a range of child welfare topics.

Assessment/Screening

State Approaches to School Readiness Assessment

(December 2014) National Conference of State Legislatures

Examines how states are assessing school readiness at kindergarten and how readiness information is used and reported. Appendix A summarizes approaches used in the 25 states that perform assessments. This is an update to NCSL's 2010 Technical Report: State Approaches to School Readiness Assessment.

State of the States Policy Snapshot: State Early Childhood Assessment Policies

(March 2014) CEELO

This brief is based primarily on secondary analysis of data collected in the State of Preschool Yearbook and presents a snapshot of responses from the states to questions about child assessment.

WWW: State Pre-K Assessment Policies: Issues and Status

(February 2012) Educational Testing Service

Examines current approaches states are using to assess children enrolled in Pre-K programs, some of the challenges of assessing young children's learning, and suggested sound practices for states to consider implementing. Includes a summary chart of assessment practices used by the states on page 14.

WWW: Assuring Better Child Health and Development (ABCD) Program

(ended in late 2012) NASHP

NASHP and the Commonwealth Fund's ABCD program work to strengthen primary health care systems that support the healthy development of young children, ages 0-3. Since 2007, the ABCD Screening Academy has worked with states to increase the use of a developmental screening tool during well-child care visits and improve the identification of children with or at risk for developmental delays. This Web site provides information about state specific ABCD program resources and activities.See also, the ABCD Publications Library.

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Data & Statistics

(updated regularly) Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network

The most current data report (March 2014) finds that for 2010, the overall prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) among the ADDM sites was one in 68 children aged 8 years, approximately 30% higher than previous estimates. It finds that: ASD is almost five times more common among boys than girls; white children are more likely to be identified with ASD than black or Hispanic children; most children with ASD are not diagnosed until after age 4; and almost half of children identified with ASD have average or above average intellectual ability compared to a third of children a decade ago. See also - 10 Things to Know About New Autism Data.

WWW: Autism Legislation Database

(updated periodically) NCSL

This database provides information about autism legislation introduced in the 50 states and the District of Columbia from the 2008 legislative session to present.

WWW: Autism Spectrum Disorder Research Publications Analysis Report: The Global Landscape of Autism Research

(2012) IACC

This inaugural report describes several key aspects of and trends related to ASD research publications, which can be used to inform planning and strategic funding decisions for future autism research. The report also includes information on where ASD research is being conducted, which funders are sponsoring the published work, and the extent of collaboration between countries and research institutions.

PDF: Autism Spectrum Disorders: State Part C and Part B Initiatives to Serve a Growing Population

(April 2009) Project Forum

Summarizes findings from a survey of IDEA Part C and Part B program staff related to autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) in the areas of professional development, technical assistance, early identification efforts and direct services.

Child Care

WWW: Parents and the High Cost of Child Care 2015

(2015) Child Care Aware of America

Provides state-by-state data on child care costs for infants, 4-year-old children and school-age children in child care centers and family child care homes across the country. Also compares the cost of child care to other family expenses, household income, and college tuition.

Child Care in America: 2015 State Fact Sheets

(2015) Child Care Aware of America

CCDBG Participation in 2013 Fact Sheet
Infants and Toddlers in CCDBG: 2013 Update
Preschoolers in CCDBG: 2013 Update
School-Age Children in CCDBG: 2013 Update

(September 2015) CLASP

These fact sheets provide information on child care services funded by the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) in 2013.

Child Care and Development Fund Statistics

(updated annually) Office of Child Care

The Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG), also called the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF), is the primary source of Federal funding for child care subsidies for low-income parents to help pay for child care. This page provides state-by-state statistics compiled through CCDF data reported by States and Territories.

Child Care and Early Education Research Connections

(updated regularly) Funded by OCC and OPRE

Provides scholarly research, policy briefs, government reports, data, and instruments on child care and early education from a wide range of disciplines and sources, including multiple federal agencies. Includes interactive tools that allow users to refine their searches, download full text documents, build customized tables on state policies, compare state demographics, and analyze research data online.

Better for Babies: A Study of State Infant and Toddler Child Care Policies

(August 2013) CLASP

This report presents data from a state survey of child care subsidy, licensing, and quality enhancement policies. Findings shows that states are struggling to provide quality child care that families can afford.

WWW: Unaccounted For: A National Report Card on Protecting Children in Disasters

(2013) Save the Children

The 2013 edition of this annual report finds that although progress has been made, more than half the states continue to fall short on preparedness.

WWW: Who's Minding the Kids? Child Care Arrangements: Spring 2011

(2013, April) U.S. Census Bureau

This series of reports dating back to 1985 describes the number and characteristics of children in different types of child care arrangements in the United States. Additional information about child care costs and historical data are also presented to provide a fuller picture of trends in child care usage across the country.

PDF: State Child Care Policies for Limited English Proficient Families

(October 2012) CLASP

Highlights activities and policies targeted toward limited English proficient (LEP) and immigrant families in the Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) state plans for FFY 2012-2013.

Early Childhood Advisory Councils

WWW: State Advisory Councils

(various dates) HHS ACF

Provides links to information about state advisory councils (SACs), such as: Fact Sheet, Contacts list, Awards List, and State Advisory Council Applications. See the WWW: Early Childhood State Advisory Councils: Status Report (April 2013), which highlights examples of the progress states have made across the seven required State Advisory Council grant activities and provides individual state and territory profiles.

Vision to Practice: Setting a New Course for Early Childhood Governance

(2011) Goffin Strategy Group

During recent years there has been an increasing focus on reducing the fragmentation, uneven quality, and inequity that characterize early childhood programs and services. Governance is a key component of this work and plays an essential role in building early childhood systems that are comprehensive and coordinated across multiple agencies. This report examines efforts to build governance into comprehensive early childhood systems.

Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems (ECCS)

WWW: ECCS Grantees

(various dates) ECCS Initiative

Early Childhood Comprehensive Systems grants have strengthened State systems to promote early childhood development since 2007. The most recent grant competition, in 2013, re-focused the program to better support current early childhood initiatives, including Maternal, Infant and Early Childhood Home Visiting programs. This page provides links to the most current grantees' contact information, websites and project abstracts..

Early Hearing Detection & Intervention (EHDI)

WWW: Annual Early Hearing Detection & Intervention (EHDI) Data

(updated annually) CDC

Provides national and state data from the CDC EHDI Hearing Screening and Follow-up Survey. See also, information about EHDI State Programs.

Early Learning Challenge Grantees

Early Learning Challenge Grantees

(2015) Early Learning Challenge Technical Assistance (ELC TA) Program

The Race to the Top–Early Learning Challenge (RTT-ELC) discretionary grant program, administered jointly by the U.S. Departments of Education and Health and Human Services, supports states in building statewide systems that raise the quality of Early Learning and Development Programs and increase access to high-quality programs for children with high needs, so that all children enter kindergarten ready to succeed. This page provides links to Early Learning Challenge Grantees profiles, abstracts and more.

Early Learning Standards/Guidelines

See also, our topical Web page on Early Learning Standards/Guidelines

PDF: The State of Preschool 2014 - Statewide Early Learning Standards (scan down to pages 194-199)

(2015) NIEER

Pages 194-199 of NIEER's 2014 State Preschool Yearbook contain the following data from the states on their early learning standards: Name of early learning standards document; Web address of early learning standards document; Year standards adopted; Year standards last revised; Alignment with the Common Core State Standards for early grades; and Domains addressed in the standards.

State/Territory Early Learning Guidelines

(April 2014) National Center on Child Care Quality

This document provides an overview of the implementation of early learning guidelines (ELGs), a count of State/Territory ELGs by age group, and current Web links to all State ELGs. It shows that all 56 States and Territories have developed ELGs for preschool children, and virtually all have ELGs for infants and toddlers. Currently, 16 States have ELGs for children birth to 5 years in one document, and many are in the process of revising their ELGs. With the development of the Common Core State Standards, there appears to be a trend among States to revise their ELGs and work to align them across age groups.

CEELO State-by-State Map

(April 2014) CEELO

This state-by-state map provides information on each state's early learning guidelines, program standards for early childhood education, teacher and family guidance documents related to the standards, and links to each state's office(s) of early learning.

WWW: Dual Language Learners in State Early Learning Guidelines and Standards

(March 2012) OHS, National Center on Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness

This resource includes an at-a-glance table that provides a snapshot of where Dual Language Learners (DLLs) are referenced in state and territory guidelines, standards, and supporting documents, as well as a table that includes portions of text referring to dual language learners from the guidelines or standards.

PDF: Infant/Toddler Early Learning Guidelines Fact Sheet

(2010) National Infant & Toddler Child Care Initiative

Provides information on the various ways States and Territories represent infants and toddlers in their early learning guidelines.

Head Start/Early Head Start

National and State-by-State Head Start Data for 2014-2015

(2016, May) NHSA

These national and state-by-state fact sheets include Head Start data on enrollment, access, budget, and services offered. They show that in 2014-2015, there were 4,770,452 children under the age of five living in poverty. Of those children, only 41% of three and four year olds had access to Head Start, and only 4% of children under three had access to Early Head Start.

Head Start Participants, Programs, Families,and Staff in 2014
Early Head Start Participants, Programs, Families, and Staff in 2014
Migrant and Seasonal Head Start Participants, Programs, Families, and Staff in 2014

(February 2016) CLASP

Each year, Head Start programs are required to submit a Program Information Report (PIR) to the Office of Head Start on participating children, pregnant women, and families, as well as the staff serving the Head Start population. These fact sheets use information reported through the PIR to describe the children and families served in Head Start, Early Head Start, and Migrant and Seasonal Head Start and the services provided to them during the 2013-2014 program year.

WWW: Head Start Program Fact Sheets

(updated annually) Office of Head Start, HHS

Provides key data on Head Start programs, appropriations, staff qualifications, the characteristics of children and families enrolled in Head Start and the services they receive. Includes some Early Head Start program data.

WWW: Head Start / Early Head Start Research Reports and Projects

(various dates) Office of Head Start, HHS

Provides links to recent federally-funded Head Start and Early Head Start research reports and projects.

The Faces of Early Head Start: A National Picture of Early Head Start Programs and the Children and Families They Serve

May 4, 2015 OPRE

Provides a descriptive picture of the children and families served by Early Head Start, their well-being over the course of the program, and the services offered by programs to meet families' needs.

Children in Early Head Start and Head Start: A Profile of Early Leavers

(November 2014) OPRE

Using data from the Early Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (Baby FACES) and rom the 2009 cohort of the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES 2009), this brief explores the child-, family-, and program-level factors that may be associated with whether children leave Early Head Start or Head Start before their eligibility ends.

WWW: Report to Congress on Dual Language Learners in Head Start and Early Head Start Programs

(2013) HHS, ACF

Describes the characteristics, services received, and well-being of Head Start/Early Head Start children and families who speak a language other than English at home.

PDF: Child Outcomes and Classroom Quality in FACES 2009

(2012) OPRE

Provides a portrait of children who entered Head Start for the first time in fall 2009 and completed a year in the program in spring 2010. Data are drawn from the 2009 cohort of the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey (FACES), a periodic, longitudinal study of program performance.

Health/Children with Special Health Care Needs

WWW: Child Health USA

(updated annually) Maternal and Child Health Bureau

This annual report provides graphical and textual summaries on the health status and service needs of America's children, covering over 50 health-related indicators.

WWW: Title V Maternal and Child Health Block Grant Program - State Snapshots

(updated annually) Health Resources and Services Administration

The Federal Title V Maternal and Child Health Block Grant program provides a foundation for ensuring the health of the Nation's mothers, women, children and youth, including children and youth with special health care needs, and their families. This Web page provides highlights of states' Title V Maternal and Child Health (MCH) data. For more in-depth information, see the WWW: Title V MCH Needs Assessments, which states are required to submit every five years.

WWW: National Survey of Children's Health (NSCH)

(most recent data is from 2011/12, posted March 20, 2013) Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health

Collects national, state, and regional data on multiple aspects of children's lives, including physical and mental health status, access to quality health care, and information on the children's families, neighborhoods and social context.

WWW: National Survey of Children with Special Health Care Needs (NS-CSHCN)

(most recent data is from 2009/10) Data Resource Center for Child and Adolescent Health

Collects national, state, and regional data on the health and functional status of children with special health care needs in the U.S., including data on their physical, emotional and behavioral health, critical information on access to quality health care, care coordination of services, access to a medical home, transition services for youth, and the impact of chronic condition(s) on children's families.

WWW: Medical Home State Data Pages

(various dates) Data Resource Center for Child & Adolescent Health APA

Provides access to data on how children in each state experience receiving care within a medical home.

WWW: Medical Home Initiatives & Resources by State

(various dates) NCMHI

The NCMHI is a cooperative agreement between the Maternal and Child Health Bureau (MCHB) and the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and is housed in the AAP Division of Children with Special Needs. This Web page provides state-by-state information on medical home initiatives and resources.

WWW: The National Children's Study

(updated regularly) Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development at NIH

The National Children's Study is examining the effects of the environment, including factors such as air, water, diet, sound, family dynamics, community and cultural influences, and genetics on the growth, development, and health of children across the United States, following them from before birth until age 21 years.

See also, Indicators of Child Well-Being and Mental Health

Homelessness

See also, our topical Web page on Children and Families Experiencing Homelessness

PDF Early Childhood Homelessness in the United States: 50-State Profile

(January 2016) Administration for Children and Families (ACF)

Quality early childhood education programs can help reduce the risks associated with homelessness by supporting children's learning and development in safe, stable and nurturing environments; however many vulnerable young children experiencing homelessness in the United States lack access to quality programs. This resource provides a snapshot of data available for young children experiencing homelessness in each state and can be used as a tool for communities in planning to meet the needs of these children.

WWW: America's Youngest Outcasts: State Report Card on Child Homelessness

(2014) NCFH

Provides comprehensive state-by-state data on the status of homeless children in America.

IDEA– Part C (Infants and Toddlers)

Part C SPP/APR Indicator Analyses

(2009 - present) U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (Editor)

These reports provide national summaries of data reported on states' State Performance Plans/Annual Performance Reports (SPP/APRs) for young children and families who receive services under Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

WWW: IDEA Section 618 Data

(updated regularly) U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs

This Web page provides access to current and historical IDEA Section 618 data, as well as related data products.

WWW: Historical IDEA Data - Part C Tables and Notes

Data Accountability Center (DAC)

Provides public access to data reported annually by states under Part C of the IDEA. Includes state-by-state, rank-ordered, and historic trend data compiled by DAC.

WWW: Part C Updates

(2002-2011) NECTAC

Contains state and federal information about program administration, state policies and implementation practices related to the Early Intervention Program for Infants and Toddlers with Disabilities - Part C of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

WWW: Promoting Social-Emotional Wellbeing in Early Intervention Services: A Fifty-state View

(2009) NCCP

Summarizes findings from a study done to determine how states are leveraging different policy choices to support the integration of social-emotional developmental strategies into Part C early intervention services. Part C coordinators from forty-eight states' participated in the study.

PDF: State Efforts to Meet the Early Childhood Transition Requirements of IDEA

(April 2009) Project Forum, NECTAC and NECTC

Highlights policies and practices adopted by six states (FL, IN, KY, NH, NM and WV) to meet the early childhood transition requirements of IDEA.

WWW: National Early Intervention Longitudinal Study (NEILS) - Final Report

(2007) OSEP

This 10-year longitudinal study (1997-2007) followed a nationally representative sample of 3,338 children and their families who began early intervention services in 1997-1998 through their experiences in early intervention and into early elementary school. Findings from the study provide information about the characteristics of children and families receiving early intervention services, the services they receive, and the outcomes they experience.

IDEA– Section 619 (Preschool)

Part B SPP/APR Indicator Analyses

(2009 - present) U. S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs (Editor)

These reports provide national summaries of data reported on states' State Performance Plans/Annual Performance Reports (SPP/APRs) for young children and families who receive services under Part B of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA)

WWW: IDEA Section 618 Data

(updated regularly) U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs

This Web page provides access to current and historical IDEA Section 618 data, as well as related data products.

WWW: Historical IDEA Data - Part B Tables and Notes

Data Accountability Center (DAC)

Provides public access to data reported annually by states under Part B (including Section 619) of the IDEA. Includes state-by-state, rank-ordered, and historic trend data compiled by DAC.

Section 619 Profile

(2002-2012) NECTAC

Contains information on state policies, programs, and practices under the Preschool Grants Program - Part B, Section 619 of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

WWW: Pre-Elementary Education Longitudinal Study (PEELS)

(2003-2010) OSEP

This study followed a nationally representative sample of 3,104 children with disabilities who were 3 through 5 years of age in 2003-04. Findings provide information on the characteristics of children receiving preschool special education, the services they receive, their transitions across educational levels, and their performance over time on assessments of academic and adaptive skills. PEELS data collection began in fall 2003 and was repeated in winter 2005, 2006, 2007, and 2009. PEELS data can be accessed through the Data Analysis System (DAS), which allows users to select variables to generate weighted frequencies and crosstabs as well as standard errors. See also, reports from PEELS.

PDF: State Efforts to Meet the Early Childhood Transition Requirements of IDEA

(April 2009) Project Forum, NECTAC and NECTC

Highlights policies and practices adopted by six states (FL, IN, KY, NH, NM and WV) to meet the early childhood transition requirements of IDEA.

Indicators of Child Well-Being

WWW: America's Children: Key National Indicators of Well-Being, 2015

(July 2015) Federal Interagency Forum on Child and Family Statistics

Presents key indicators on important aspects of children's lives in America, including for example: Family Reading to Young Children, Child Care, Health Insurance Coverage, Preterm Birth and Low Birthweight, and Preschool Vision Screening.

WWW: 2015 KIDS COUNT Data Book

(July 2015) Annie E. Casey Foundation

This annual report tracks the well-being of America's children state-by-state. It includes 16 indicators of child well-being organized across four domains: (1) economic well-being, (2) education, (3) health and (4) family and community. It features National and state profiles, state rankings, and an interactive KIDS COUNT Data Wheel.

World Family Map 2015: Mapping Family Change and Child Well-Being Outcomes

(2015) Child Trends

The World Family Map Project identifies and tracks family factors affecting child and family well-being across 60 countries, focusing on 16 specific indicators selected by an expert group because of their known relationships to child outcomes in the research literature.

WWW: diversitydatakids.org

(updated periodically) Institute for Child, Youth and Family Policy (ICYFP) at Brandeis University

This interactive online tool provides state-by-state data on child wellbeing and equity in the U.S. by race and ethnicity. The site allows users to create customized profiles, rankings, and maps. It also features a neighborhood-level child opportunity index, developed in partnership with the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity at Ohio State University.

WWW: The State of America's Children 2014

(January 2014) Children's Defense Fund

This annual report on the well-being of children provides data on child population, poverty, family structure and income, housing, child nutrition, early childhood, education, and more.

WWW: America's Future: Latino Child Well-Being in Numbers and Trends

(2010) National Council of La Raza and the Population Reference Bureau

This data book provides a comprehensive overview of current national and state-level data and trends for Latino children relative to non-Hispanic White and Black children. It documents both regional variations and changing trends since the year 2000.

See also, Health/CSHCN and Mental Health

Kindergarten

WWW: Online Kindergarten Database

(updated March 2014) Education Commission of the States (ECS)

Provides state policy information on the 50 states and DC, including: whether a Child Must Attend Kindergarten, Kindergarten Entrance Age, Compulsory School Age, Kindergarten Readiness Assessments, Curriculum, Minimum Required Days/Hours for Kindergarten, Kindergarten Standards - General Info, and Teacher/Student Ratios. See also, Kindergarten: What States are Doing, which provides reports that examine key components of each state's kindergarten policy for all 50 states.

WWW: Full-day Kindergarten: Indicators on Children and Youth

(August 2013) Child Trends DataBank

This report looks at trends in the percentage and demographics of children enrolled in full-day kindergarten programs in the U.S. over the past 35 years.

PDF: Inequalities at the Starting Line: State Kindergarten Policies

(March 2013) Education Commission of the States (ECS)

This review of kindergarten policies across all 50 states finds that significant diversity exists in state kindergarten policies across and within states. The report raises questions about the implications of having such diverse policies and the potential impact on children's future educational success.

WWW: First-Time Kindergartners in 2010-11: First Findings From the Kindergarten Rounds of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K:2011)

(July 2012) NCES

Provides a snapshot of 3.5 million kindergartners who were attending kindergarten in the U.S. for the first time in the 2010-11 school year.

Low Income

WWW: Early Childhood State Profiles

(updated November 2015) NCCP

These state profiles provide a comprehensive view of state policies in the areas that affect the health and well-being of young children in low-income families.

WWW: The Young Child Risk Calculator

(Updated June 2015) NCCP

This online tool shows users how many children under age six in each state are experiencing serious risks to their development. The tool allows users to select from three age groups (0-3, 3-5, and 0-6), three economic risk factors (extreme poverty, poverty, low-income) and other risk factors known to affect children's development.

WWW: Basic Facts About Low-income Children, 2013: Children Under Age 3
WWW: Basic Facts About Low-income Children, 2013: Children Under Age 6

(January 2015) NCCP

These fact sheets describe the demographic, socioeconomic, and geographic characteristics of young children and their families - highlighting important factors that appear to distinguish low-income and poor children from their less disadvantaged peers.

New Census Data Tell Us That Poverty Fell in 2013

(September 2014) CLASP

Highlights recently released 2013 Census data and finds that poverty rate for children under age 5 fell from 24% in 2012 to 22% in 2013, however young children still have the highest poverty rates among any age group and the rate is even higher for young Black children (44%) and young Hispanic children (33%).

WWW: 50-State Policy Wizard

(updated regularly) NCCP

Creates custom tables with information about state and federal policies that assist low-income families and children.

WWW: Who are America's Poor Children? Examining Health Disparities by Race and Ethnicity

(July 2011) NCCP

This report looks at health disparities among poor children by race and ethnicity across the following six domains: family composition and poverty, food insecurity, environmental conditions, health insurance coverage, access to healthcare services, and health outcomes.

Mental Health

Mental Health Surveillance Among Children — United States, 2005–2011

(2013) MMWR 62 (Suppl 2)

This report from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) summarizes information about ongoing federal surveillance systems that can provide estimates of the prevalence of mental disorders and indicators of mental health among children living in the United States and presents estimates of childhood mental disorders and indicators from these systems during 2005–2011. Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (6.8%) was the most prevalent parent-reported current diagnosis among children aged 3–17 years, followed by behavioral or conduct problems (3.5%), anxiety (3.0%), depression (2.1%), and autism spectrum disorders (1.1%).

WWW: Promoting Social-Emotional Wellbeing in Early Intervention Services: A Fifty-state View

(2009) NCCP

Summarizes findings from a study done to determine how states are leveraging different policy choices to support the integration of social-emotional developmental strategies into Part C early intervention services. Part C coordinators from forty-eight states' participated in the study.

WWW: Unclaimed Children Revisited: The Status of Children's Mental Health Policy in the United States

(November 2008) NCCP

Updates a 1982 report on mental health services in the U.S. for children with mental health problems, those at risk, and their families. Most chapters include data related to early childhood mental health services. For example, in Chapter 3, see the section entitled "Services and Supports for Young Children", Table 3: "States' Initiatives to Expand Early Childhood Mental Health" and Figure 2: "Scope of Funding for Early Childhood Mental Health Initiatives."

Professional Development

State Personnel Standards Database

(2014) Early Childhood Personnel Center (ECPD)

A searchable database of all personnel standards for professional disciplines serving infants and young children. See also, Data Reports & Literature Syntheses from the Early Childhood Personnel Center.

What Do We Know About Principal Preparation, Licensure Requirements, and Professional Development for School Leaders?

(July 2014) CEELO

This review of states' principal licensure requirements finds that although preschool classrooms are often part of primary schools, early childhood content is not a required element of principal preparation or professional development for principals in most states. Very few states have any formal requirement for early childhood content in licensure for principals responsible for early education programs.

WWW: Coaching and Quality Assistance in Quality Rating Improvement Systems: Approaches Used by TA Providers to Improve Quality in and Education Programs and Home-based Settings

(January 2012) NCCP

Presents findings from an interview study of administrators overseeing statewide QRISs that investigated features of the professional development and on-site technical assistance available to center-based staff and home-based providers who participate in states' Quality Rating Improvement Systems.

WWW: Early Childhood Workforce Systems Initiative: Database of State Policies

(updated regularly) NAEYC

A database of state policies that support the effective implementation of a state system of professional development for the early childhood workforce. Organized by the the following six policy areas: professional standards, career pathways, articulation, advisory structure, data and financing.

Public Pre-K

WWW: The State of Preschool: Annual State Pre-K Reports

(updated annually) NIEER

This annual Yearbook has tracked state-by-state data and described national trends for enrollment in, quality of, and spending on state-funded preschool since 2002.

State Pre-K Funding: 2014-15 Fiscal Year

(January 2015), ECS

This analysis of 2014-15 appropriations by the 50 states finds that 28 states plus the District of Columbia increased their investments in pre-K, and state investments in pre-K rose by 12 percent nationally. It includes: a national overview of state funding for pre-K; a state-by-state breakdown of total pre-K funding, and funding by program; and highlights of 2014 measures taken by four states: California, Hawaii, Indiana and Maryland.

WWW: Pre-K Now

(2011) Pew Charitable Trusts

This 10-year campaign by the Pew Charitable Trusts was meant to advance high-quality, voluntary pre-kindergarten for all three- and four-year-olds. Its final report, Transforming Public Education: Pathway to a Pre-K-12 Future (September 2011), provides data on improvements in both access to and quality of state-funded early learning programs during the past decade and challenges the nation's policy makers to transform public education by moving away from the current K-12 system to pre-K-12.

Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS)

See also, our topical Web page on QRIS

QRIS and Inclusion: Do State QRIS Standards Support the Learning Needs of All Children?

(November 2014) CEELO

This Fast Fact looks at how states accommodate children with special needs in their quality rating and improvement system (QRIS) and highlights states with exceptional inclusionary practices.

WWW: QRIS Compendium

(updated periodically) The BUILD Initiative

This searchable, web-based compendium compiles the latest details on QRIS in every state, territory and region/locality in the U.S. and allows users to compare data for the QRIS in different states or localities, examine data for specific categories, create reports, and download datasets.

WWW: QRIS Resource Guide: State Information

(updated periodically) National Center on Child Care Quality Improvement

Provides a summary of the status of each state's work to implement or develop a QRIS, or other large-scale quality improvement initiative.

WWW: Quality Rating and Improvement System National Learning Network (QRIS NLN)

(updated regularly) BUILD Initiative and Smart Start National Technical Assistance Center

Provides a variety of resources for states interested in developing or improving their QRIS, including QRIS State Contacts & Map and a library of State Resources and Profiles that contains training guides, forms, and TA materials developed by individual states for their QRIS.

WWW: Coaching and Quality Assistance in Quality Rating Improvement Systems: Approaches Used by TA Providers to Improve Quality in Early Care and Education Programs and Home-based Settings

(January 2012) NCCP

Presents findings from an interview study of administrators overseeing statewide QRISs that investigated features of the professional development and on-site technical assistance available to center-based staff and home-based providers who participate in states' Quality Rating Improvement Systems.

PDF: Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS): Inclusion of Infant/Toddler Quality Indicators

(2010) National Infant & Toddler Child Care Initiative

Summarizes the results of a review of 22 Quality Rating and Improvement Systems (QRIS) to identify those that include quality indicators specific to infants and toddlers.

Race to the Top – Early Learning Challenge Grantees

See Early Learning Challenge Grantees

School Readiness

See also, our topical Web page on School Readiness

What It Means to Be Kindergarten Ready in the U.S.

(April 2016) Age of Learning

This white paper shows that there is substantial common ground among state Kindergarten Readiness standards across all 50 states, with 15 specific skills that 85 percent or more of states would like to see children acquire before entering kindergarten. See a related infographic with highlights from the paper here.

State Approaches to School Readiness Assessment

(December 2014) National Conference of State Legislatures

Examines how states are assessing school readiness at kindergarten and how readiness information is used and reported. Appendix A summarizes approaches used in the 25 states that perform assessments. This is an update to NCSL's 2010 Technical Report: State Approaches to School Readiness Assessment.

WWW: Early School Readiness

(2012) Child Trends

This report looks at children's competence in four cognitive and early literacy school readiness skills and examines trends using data from the National Center for Education Statistics' National Household Education Surveys (NHES):

State Accountability and Monitoring Systems

2013 State of States' Early Childhood Data Systems

(February 2014) ECDC

This report provides findings from a survey of 50 states and the District of Columbia, assessing the coordination of their early childhood data systems. The survey focused on three key aspects of state data systems:

  1. Do states have the ability to securely link child level data across early care and education (ECE) programs and to other state data systems, including K-12, health, and social services?
  2. Do states collect developmental screening, assessment, and kindergarten entry data to examine children's developmental status and service needs?
  3. Do states have an ECE data governance structure designated to support the development and use of a coordinated longitudinal ECE data system?

WWW: Data for Action 2014: The Data Quality Campaign's 10th Annual Analysis of State Education Data Systems

(2014) DQC

The Data Quality Campaign (DQC) provides support to states for building longitudinal data systems that can follow student progress from early childhood through 12th grade and into postsecondary education. This report shows the progress states are making toward building and using robust longitudinal data systems for continuous improvement. A number of the DQC's 10 Essential Elements of a State Longitudinal Data System include items related to early childhood programs.

State of the States Policy Snapshot: State Pre-K Monitoring and Evaluation Policies

(November 2013) CEELO

This policy brief discusses why evaluation and monitoring systems are important for quality early education. It provides secondary analyses of state responses to survey questions related to the data they collect to monitor and evaluate pre-k program quality. The data was originally gathered by the National Institute for Early Education Research (NIEER) during surveys of state preschool programs conducted in 2006 and 2012.

IDEA Part C and Part B 619 State Data Systems: Current Status and Future Priorities

(2013) DaSy Center

This report provides national and state-by-state information on ten features of IDEA Part C and Part B 619 data systems. A related State of the States series of interactive maps is also available.

PDF: Developing Coordinated Longitudinal Early Childhood Data Systems: Trends and Opportunities in Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge Applications

(September 2012) ECDC

This brief analyzes plans to build or enhance early learning data systems in the Race to the Top Early Learning Challenge applications of 30 states that addressed this priority. It highlights a number of trends among states in the development of integrated state early learning data systems.

PDF: A Study of States' Monitoring and Improvement Practices Under the IDEA

(2010) IES

This report provides a description of the nature and scope of states' IDEA Part B and Part C monitoring systems. Data on 20 states' monitoring systems in 2004-2005 and 2006-2007 were collected during two site visits.

WWW: Building and Using Coordinated State and Education Data Systems: A Framework for States

(2010) ECDC

This paper discusses why states should build longitudinal data systems for early care and education, describes the ten fundamentals of a coordinated system with state examples, and provides guidance on how to ensure appropriate access to data, which includes building the capacity for stakeholders to use data for continuous improvement. See also, a related brochure - Getting Started: 10 Fundamentals of Coordinated State and Education Data Systems (2010).

Statistics, State Policies, Laws, Budgets - Multiple Topics

The Condition of Education 2016

(May 2016) NCES

This congressionally mandated annual report summarizes important trends in education using the latest available statistics. The 2016 report includes the following sections related specifically to early childhood education:

WWW: 2015 State Baby Facts

(2015) ZERO TO THREE

State factsheets presenting information about the status of infants, toddlers, and their families across the country.

WWW: Baby Matters: A Gateway to State Policies and Initiatives

(updated regularly) ZERO TO THREE

A database of state policies and initiatives on topics that impact infants, toddlers and their families.

Children's Budget 2015

(2015) First Focus, with support from the W.K. Kellogg Foundation

This annual guide provides an analysis of all federally funded programs that are meant to enhance the well-being of children across the country and how their appropriations levels have changed over the past five years.

WWW: Early Care and Education State Legislation Database

(updated regularly) NCSL

A searchable database of state legislation on issues related to child care and child care financing, early childhood services, prekindergarten, professional development, home visiting, infants and toddlers, and financing early education. It can be searched by state, topic, status, primary sponsor, bill number or keyword. See NCSL's annual report, Early Care and Education 2014 Legislative Action (January 2015)

WWW: In the States

(updated regularly) CLASP

Includes data on: Child Care and Development Block Grant (CCDBG) participation; Head Start and Early Head Start participation; Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) expenditures; young child demographics and more. See also, CLASP's DataFinder tool, which allows users to create and download custom tables that present a national picture, a state picture or a comparative look at states and communities.

Links on this site are verified monthly. This page content was last updated on 05/31/2016 SG

Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center

  • CB 8040
  • Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8040
  • phone: 919.962.2001
  • fax: 919.966.7463
  • email: ectacenter@unc.edu

The ECTA Center is a program of the FPG Child Development Institute of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, funded through cooperative agreement number H326P120002 from the Office of Special Education Programs, U.S. Department of Education. Opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent the Department of Education's position or policy.

  • FPG Child Development Institute
  • OSEP's TA&D Network:IDEAs that Work