August 8, 2014

In this Issue:

  1. Renewing Head Start's Promise
      Source: Bellwether Education Partners and Results for America - Retrieved August 8, 2014
  2. Segregation in American Kindergarten Classrooms
      Source: Economic Policy Institute - Retrieved August 4, 2014
  3. Updated! Home Visiting Evidence of Effectiveness Review: Executive Summary
      Source: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation - Retrieved August 8, 2014
  4. State Early Care and Education Updates 2014
      Source: National Women's Law Center - August 8, 2014
  5. Treating Maternal Depression in Home Visiting - Opportunities for States
      Source: Every Child Succeeds - Retrieved August 8, 2014

1. Renewing Head Start's Promise

Source: Bellwether Education Partners and Results for America - Retrieved August 8, 2014

Bellwether Education Partners and Results for America have published a new report, Renewing Head Start's Promise: Invest in What Works for Disadvantaged Preschoolers, by Sara Mead (July 2014). The report discusses Head Start's progress to date, significant reforms since Head Start was reauthorized in 2007, and a number of policy recommendations to enable Head Start to better serve children and families in the future.

2. Segregation in American Kindergarten Classrooms

Source: Economic Policy Institute - Retrieved August 4, 2014

A recent report from the Economic Policy Institute uses data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 2010-11 (ECLS-K: 2011) to look at -the state of school segregation by race and income. Although this analysis is purely descriptive, the findings raise important questions and implications for both policy and research. Segregation And Peers' Characteristics in the 2010-2011 Kindergarten Class by Emma Garcia and Elaine Weiss (June 2014) finds that:

  • The vast majority of white children, including those who are poor, are in classrooms with children who are not poor - a stark contrast to most children of color, who go to school with many poor children.
  • The family characteristics of white children vary relatively little depending on the type of classroom they are in (unless that classroom is very heavily minority); however, family characteristics of black and Hispanic children vary substantially from heavily white to heavily minority schools.
  • Academic performance varies greatly, depending on the school's level of segregation across all races of children; the more heavily minority the school, the less prepared children are on average in the fall and the smaller their relative gains by spring.
  • The data appears to support more sophisticated analyses' suggestions that income segregation underlies many apparent negative consequences of racial segregation.

3. Updated! Home Visiting Evidence of Effectiveness Review: Executive Summary

Source: Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation - Retrieved August 8, 2014

Home Visiting Evidence of Effectiveness (HomVEE) was launched in 2009 to identify home visiting models that meet the criteria of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) for an evidence-based early childhood home visiting service delivery model. A recently updated paper, Home Visiting Evidence of Effectiveness Review: Executive Summary (September 2013 - revised June 2014), provides an overview of the HomVEE review process, a synopsis of the review results, and information about 14 evidence-based program models that have been identified. The updated executive summary also identifies 21 models that did not meet the DHHS criteria for being evidence-based and discusses gaps in the existing research literature on home visiting models that limit its usefulness for matching program models to community needs. It was published by the Office of Planning, Research and Evaluation (OPRE), Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

4. State Early Care and Education Updates 2014

Source: National Women's Law Center - August 8, 2014

The National Women's Law Center (NWLC) has published State Early Care and Education Updates 2014 (August 2014), which provides information on recent state early childhood education and child care policies and investments. The brief finds that a number of states made progress this year on increasing families' access to child care assistance and prekindergarten programs; however, additional investments are needed to ensure families in all states have access to high-quality child care and early education.

5. Treating Maternal Depression in Home Visiting - Opportunities for States

Source: Every Child Succeeds - Retrieved August 8, 2014

High rates of maternal depression have been found among new mothers served by home visiting programs; and for women living in poverty and women of color, depression often goes untreated. A new brief, Moving Beyond Depression: An Effective Program to Treat Maternal Depression in Home Visiting - Opportunities for States (July 2014), discusses the impacts of maternal depression on young children and families and provides research findings from Moving Beyond Depression, a comprehensive approach to identifying and treating depression among mothers voluntarily participating in home visiting programs. The brief was published by Every Child Succeeds, a division of Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.