Universal Design for Learning (UDL) is an approach to teaching, learning, curriculum development and assessment that uses new technologies to respond to a variety of individual learner differences. IDEA 2004 defines Universal design using the same definition as the Assistive Technology Act of 1998, as amended, 29 U.S.C. 3002. ( 34CFR§ 300.44):
“The term 'universal design' means a concept or philosophy for designing and delivering products and services that are usable by people with the widest possible range of functional capabilities, which include products and services that are directly accessible (without requiring assistive technologies) and products and services that are interoperable with assistive technologies.”
Section 3(19) Assistive Technology Act as amended in 2004
One central idea of UDL is that as new materials and technologies are developed, they should be designed from the beginning to be flexible enough to accommodate the unique learning styles of a wide range of individuals, including children with disabilities. Some examples of UDL include: accessible web pages; captioned and/or narrated videos; word processors with word prediction; speaking spell checkers; talking dialog boxes; voice recognition; and picture menus.
UDL does not eliminate the need for assistive technology. Children with disabilities will continue to need AT devices such as communication aids, visual aids, wheelchairs, orthoses and adapted toys in order to interact more fully with their environment. However, building accessibility into new technologies and curricular materials as they are developed helps to ensure the maximal inclusion of children with disabilities into the full array of learning opportunities that are available to all children.
(January/February 2014) Parette, H.P., & Blum, C. Teaching Exceptional Children, 46: 60-67
(June 2014) State Educational Technology Directors Association (SETDA) in partnership with EducationCounsel LLC
This paper summarizes issues that education leaders should consider when examining the accessibility of digital content for all students, including students with disabilities. It provides recommendations regarding the development, use, and sharing of digital tools and resources to improve all students' learning experiences.
(2013) Dinnebeil, Laurie A.; Boat, Mary; Bae, Youlmi - Dimensions of Early Childhood, 41(1)
(n.d.) Bertling, J., Darrah, M., Lyon, D., & Jackson, S.
(2011). National Center on Universal Design for Learning.
These guidelines are aimed at helping teachers, curriculum developers, and publishers develop more inclusive curriculum.
(Retrieved February 2011). Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST)
(2009, April). Kim Sopko, Project Forum.
This document provides an introduction that includes federal education regulatory language for universal design for learning (UDL). It summarizes panel presentations from the higher education, state-level, local-level and national-level perspectives. Suggestions and proposed strategies to improve policy to impact implementation of UDL are summarized.
(2008, August). Office of Special Education Programs (OSEP)
This new addition to the OSEP Tool Kit on Teaching and Assessing Students With Disabilities focuses on universal design for learning (UDL). It includes resources, strategies and practices to support the implementation of UDL and is useful for policymakers, education personnel and parents.
(2008, June). Kim Moherek Sopko, Project Forum.
Provides information about UDL practices, successes and challenges gathered from interviews with staff from six local educational agencies in five states.
(2005). Burgstahler, S.
This article discusses universal design principles and applications.
(2005). Rose, D. H., Hitchcock, C., & Meyer, A.
This book addresses crucial questions about how to create full access to the general education curriculum for children with disabilities. Based on years of research and innovation at CAST, the book provides a helpful overview of the digital solutions that are at the forefront of efforts to create universal access. It also looks closely at the major policy and practice issues connected to this initiative.
(2003, April). Muller, E. & Tschantz, J. Alexandria VA: Project Forum.
Summarizes information from interviews with four states regarding their Universal Design for Learning (UDL) initiatives. The term UDL initiative is used to describe any state or regional level effort to promote the principles and practices of UDL via professional development or the production and/or dissemination of universally designed instructional materials.
(2002). Rose, D. H. & Meyer, A.
This online book is the result of 15 years of thought, research, and development conducted by CAST and a number of collaborating individuals, schools, districts, and states.
CAST is an educational, not-for-profit organization that uses technology to expand opportunities for all people, especially those with disabilities. CAST was founded in 1984 with a mission to develop and apply technologies that would expand learning opportunities for individuals with disabilities. CAST believes that the most effective strategy for expanding educational opportunities for individuals with disabilities is through Universal Design for Learning.
The National UDL Center is a program of CAST. It supports the effective implementation of UDL by connecting stakeholders in the field and providing resources and information about:
See also, Videos from the National Center on Universal Design for Learning (last updated 12/01/2011).
The National Center to Improve Practice (NCIP) promotes the effective use of technology to enhance educational outcomes for students with sensory, cognitive, physical and social/emotional disabilities. The NCIP Web Site includes a section entitled: NCIP Guided Tour: Early Childhood, which explores two exemplary early childhood classrooms, both of which employ a broad range of technology tools to optimize access to learning for students with disabilities.
CITEd, a technical assistance center funded by the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, is a cooperative effort of the American Institutes for Research (AIR), the Center for Applied Special Technology (CAST), and the Education Development Center (EDC). CITEd supports leadership at state and local education agencies to integrate instructional technology for all students to achieve high educational standards. CITEd provides this support through identification of best practices, innovative online technical assistance tools, professional development, and communities of practice.
On July 27th, 2004, the U.S. Department of Education endorsed the National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard (NIMAS). This standard guides the production and electronic distribution of flexible digital instructional materials, such as textbooks, so that they can be more easily converted to Braille, text-to-speech, and other accessible formats. The final NIMAS was published on July 19, 2006.
For information on statutory and final regulatory requirements, see OSEP's topical page on the National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standard. In August 2010, OSEP released revised Questions and Answers On the National Instructional Materials Accessibility Standards (NIMAS).