Improving Systems, Practices and Outcomes

Part C State General Supervision Systems

The primary focus of state monitoring activities is on improving educational results and functional outcomes for all children with disabilities; and ensuring that states meet the program requirements of IDEA, with a particular emphasis on those requirements that are most closely related to improving educational results for children with disabilities. As a result, states must have in place a general supervision system that monitors implementation of IDEA by early intervention programs (whether or not they receive Part C funds), and local education agencies statewide. [IDEA 2004, Section 616(a)(2)]

Overall, each state's General Supervision System must include multiple methods (or components) to ensure implementation of IDEA 2004, identify and correct noncompliance, facilitate improvement, and support practices that improve results and functional outcomes for children and families.

Core Components of an Effective State General Supervision System

These core components were identified by The National Center for Special Education Accountability Monitoring (NCSEAM) in collaboration with the regional resource centers, the Federal Regional Resource Center, the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center, and representatives from state agencies, the National Association of State Directors in Special Education, and the IDEA Infant and Toddlers Coordinators Association in 2007. The core components are outlined in the following documents:

Data Resources

A variety of WWW: data resources are available to support the collection, analyses, and reporting of data to document results for children and families, for use in monitoring programs, and for program improvement.


Photograph: A child care professional holds two infants in her lap. (Photograph by Alex Lazara)

Streamlining and Integrating Part C General Supervision Activities: Monitoring and Program Improvement

Thumbnail: Streamlining and Integrating Part C General Supervision Activities: Monitoring and Program Improvement Guide

Streaming Presentation: An Interactive Guide to Streamlining and Integrating Part C General Supervision Activities (10:56 minutes)

There are three ways to use these resources and framework to identify where and how monitoring and program improvement activities can be streamlined and better integrated to meet both state needs and national reporting requirements:

Step 1 Identify an Issue

Step 2 Determine the Extent/Level of the Issue

Step 3 Determine the Cause of the Issue

  • Root Cause Analyses Tools: Tools to assist states and local early intervention programs in determining the root cause of noncompliance or performance issues.

Step 4 Assign Accountability for the Issue and Its Resolution

Step 5 Ensure and Verify Resolution of the Issue

Step 6 Follow Up on Resolution of the Issue

Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center

  • CB 8040
  • Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8040
  • phone: 919.962.2001
  • fax: 919.966.7463
  • email: ectacenter@unc.edu

The ECTA Center is a program of the FPG Child Development Institute of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, funded through cooperative agreement number H326P120002 from the Office of Special Education Programs, U.S. Department of Education. Opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent the Department of Education's position or policy.

  • FPG Child Development Institute
  • OSEP's TA&D Network:IDEAs that Work