Improving Systems, Practices and Outcomes


Finance topic editor: Katy McCullough

Most recent additions to this page:

(See also our related IDEA Part C and Inclusion: Financing Strategies and Collaborative Funding topics.)

An adequate, stable funding base is required to insure effective and responsive systems of services and supports for young children with or at-risk of disabilities and their families. Resources from the national, state, and community levels must be combined to support these systems of early intervention and preschool services. Careful attention needs to be given when assembling or modifying such an interagency funding system.

System planners and program administrators face challenges in understanding and using these resources, combining them for the benefit of children and families, and fully funding their systems of services and supports. The ECTA Center Finance topical page provides information on funding resources, tools to aid in combining as many of these resources as necessary in states and communities, and the specific financing provisions in IDEA, Parts B and C, legislation and regulations.

We will continue to add information to this site to enable program managers and family advocates to meet the individualized needs of young children and their families. The ECTA Center welcomes your feedback and suggestions to make the site responsive to your needs.

Part C Finance Regulations

Section 619 Finance Regulations

State Policies on the Use of Private Insurance for Early Intervention Services

Under 34 CFR §303.520(3)(b), a state may use the private insurance of a parent to pay for services under this part only if the parent provides consent to do so in accordance with 34 CFR § 303.7 (parental consent), 303.420(a)(3) (consent prior to provision of services) and 303.420(a)(4) (use of private insurance).

It is important to remember that under 34 CFR §303.521(c) if a State has in effect a State law requiring the provision of a free appropriate public education (FAPE) to children with disabilities from birth, the State may not charge parents for any services (e.g., physical or occupational therapy) that are part of FAPE for that infant or toddler and family.

Some states have enacted legislation, regulations, and policies concerning aspects of financing their Early Intervention programs. This section will provide examples of specific financing provisions.

  • State Insurance Legislation
    Colorado, Connecticut, Indiana, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Rhode Island, Virginia
  • Health Insurance Legislation for Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD):
    Several states have enacted insurance legislation specific to autism spectrum disorders or have modified existing legislation to further define neurological disorders to include ASD for the purpose of covering needed services for eligible children.
  • PDF: To Fee or Not to Fee: That is the Question! (NECTAC Notes No. 22):
    Implications of Family Cost Participation under which some family resources may be accessed to distribute the cost of services.
  • State Policies on Family Fees
    Alaska, Connecticut, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Illinois, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Carolina, Texas, Virginia, Utah, Wisconsin

Finance Systems

Funding Sources

These links will take you to Funding Early Childhood Mental Health Services and Supports which was created by the Georgetown University Child Development Center. The NECTAC Matrix aligns with that provided in the Georgetown document but is more specific to Part C.

Finance Resource Organization Links

Finance Publications Available From NECTAC

Links on this site are verified monthly. This page content was last updated on 2014-12-01 SG

Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center

  • CB 8040
  • Chapel Hill, NC 27599-8040
  • phone: 919.962.2001
  • fax: 919.966.7463
  • email:

The ECTA Center is a program of the FPG Child Development Institute of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, funded through cooperative agreement number H326P120002 from the Office of Special Education Programs, U.S. Department of Education. Opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent the Department of Education's position or policy.

  • FPG Child Development Institute
  • OSEP's TA&D Network:IDEAs that Work