This Web page provides resources on the early identification of children ages birth - five years who are experiencing mental health challenges, challenging behavior, or other delays in their social and emotional development. It includes compendiums of screening and assessment instruments that address these areas. Information on the early identification of other early childhood disorders that frequently involve behavioral issues, such as Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD) and Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD), can also be found on our Web site.
This research synthesis from the OSEP-funded Tracking, Referral and Assessment Center for Excellence (TRACE) was done to determine the extent to which the ZERO TO THREE Diagnostic Classification of Mental Health and Developmental Disorders of Infancy and Early Childhood (DC: 0-3) is appropriate for early intervention eligibility determination. Findings showed that most of 15 studies reviewed were poorly conducted and the classification system fared poorly in terms of differentiating between typically and atypically developing children. The authors suggest that better designed and implemented psychometric studies are needed to justify the use of the diagnostic classification system for early identification or eligibility determination purposes.
This classification scheme of mental health and developmental disorders in the first 4 years of life was developed by ZERO TO THREE to help clinician's identify factors that may be contributing to the difficulties of the infant or young child, adaptive strengths, and additional areas of functioning in which intervention may be needed.
These checklists were developed by Bright Futures for providers and families. They provide tips on healthy development and parenting, as well as information on when and where to seek help for potential problems in social emotional development (ages birth - 12 months and ages 1 - 4 years).
Teleconference, May 9, 2001. Presenters: Alice Carter and Linda Likins.
This Web site from the Center for Mental Health Services includes information on early identification.
This Web site from the Center for Effective Collaboration and Practice describes functional behavioral assessment, which is generally considered to be a problem-solving process for addressing behavioral challenges in children.
This document from the Technical Assistance Center on Social Emotional Intervention for Young Children (TACSEI) provides an overview of the use of screening instruments to help identify children and families who would benefit from early and targeted intervention strategies. It is meant to help administrators and teachers choose appropriate instruments for implementing a screening program.
This list of instruments was gathered by the National Early Childhood Technical Assistance Center (NECTAC). It includes a description of each instrument, the age range for which it was validated, the time it takes to administer, the scoring procedure, psychometric properties, requirements for administrators, and a link to, or address for, the publisher or source of more information.
Compiled by the Infant, Preschool, Family, Mental Health Initiative, of the California Institute for Mental Health, this compendium includes descriptions of screening and assessment tools, characteristics of the tools, and lessons from the field.