January 30, 2004

In this Issue:

  1. Latest Data on Infant Well-being Now Available
      Source: Annie E. Casey Foundation - January 29, 2004
  2. Support for Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System
      Source: Today's GAO Reports - January 26, 2004
  3. Child Welfare: Improved Federal Oversight Could Assist States in Overcoming Key Challenges
      Source: Today's GAO Reports - January 28, 2004
  4. Child and Youth Well-Being Under Welfare Reform: State Policy Options
      Source: NGA Center for Best Practices - January 23, 2004
  5. Children in Low-Income Families Are Less Likely to Be in Center-Based Child Care
      Source: Urban Institute - January 27, 2004

1. Latest Data on Infant Well-being Now Available

Source: Annie E. Casey Foundation - January 29, 2004

The Right Start For America's Newborns: City and State Trends 1990-2001, a KIDS COUNT online report, addresses the Annie E. Casey Foundation's belief that conditions under which infants are born can have lifelong effects on child development and school readiness. The report uses data from birth certificates to track key measures of child well-being in the 50 states and 55 large cities in the US. Read the report or view profiles, graphs, maps, rankings, and more at http://www.kidscount.org/rightstart/.

2. Support for Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System

Source: Today's GAO Reports - January 26, 2004

The General Accounting Office (GAO) today released the following report: Support for Low-Income Families: States Serve a Broad Range of Families through a Complex and Changing System. GAO-04-256, January 26.
Full report - http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04256.pdf
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/highlights/d04256high.pdf

3. Child Welfare: Improved Federal Oversight Could Assist States in Overcoming Key Challenges

Source: Today's GAO Reports - January 28, 2004

The General Accounting Office (GAO) today released the following testimony: Child Welfare: Improved Federal Oversight Could Assist States in Overcoming Key Challenges, by Cornelia M. Ashby, director, education, workforce, and income security issues, before the Subcommittee on Human Resources, House Committee on Ways and Means. GAO-04-418T, January 28.
Full report - http://www.gao.gov/new.items/d04418t.pdf
Highlights - http://www.gao.gov/highlights/d04418thigh.pdf

4. Child and Youth Well-Being Under Welfare Reform: State Policy Options

Source: NGA Center for Best Practices - January 23, 2004

Child and Youth Well-Being Under Welfare Reform: State Policy Options - This new issue brief highlights what some states have done since welfare reform to track and study how young welfare recipients are faring, and to create program and policy strategies to reach at-risk children and youth. The brief also describes potential funding streams to support state initiatives to improve child well-being. Available at http://www.nga.org/Files/pdf/0104SPOREFORM.pdf. January 23, 2004.

For a review of research findings on how children are faring under welfare reform, please see the companion issue brief Child and Youth Well-Being Under Welfare Reform: Recent Research at http://www.nga.org/Files/pdf/0104WELFAREREFORM.pdf. January 22, 2004.

5. Children in Low-Income Families Are Less Likely to Be in Center-Based Child Care

Source: Urban Institute - January 27, 2004

Children in Low-Income Families Are Less Likely to Be in Center-Based Child Care - Some 73 percent of children under age 5 with working mothers are regularly in child care, data from the 2002 National Survey of America's Families shows. Children in low-income families are more likely than higher-income children to be placed in relative care (30 percent compared with 24 percent). Data also reveal that 46 percent of higher-income 3- and 4-year-olds are in center-based care compared with 36 percent of low-income children. The full policy brief is available at http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/310923_snapshots3_no16.pdf.