April 4, 2014

In this Issue:

  1. Two Briefs Discuss the Achievement Gap and the Impacts of Public Early Care and Education Programs
      Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Retrieved April 4, 2014
  2. New Tool Provides State-by-State Data on Child Wellbeing by Race and Ethnicity
      Source: Institute for Child, Youth and Family Policy - March 12, 2014
  3. Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children
      Source: Annie E. Casey Foundation - April 1, 2014
  4. Updated! ECS Kindergarten Database
      Source: Education Commission of the States - March 31, 2014
  5. The Abecedarian Project and Health - New Fact Sheet, Summary, and Other Resources
      Source: The Heckman Equation - April 4, 2014
  6. Using Early Childhood Education to Bridge the Digital Divide - 2014
      Source: RAND Corporation - Retrieved April 4, 2014
  7. Envisioning a Digital Age Architecture For Early Education
      Source: New America Foundation - March 26, 2014
  8. In the Margins: State Child Care Assistance Policies on Provider Reimbursement
      Source: National Women's Law Center - March 25, 2014

1. Two Briefs Discuss the Achievement Gap and the Impacts of Public Early Care and Education Programs

Source: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services - Retrieved April 4, 2014

The Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation (ASPE) at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services recently released the following two research briefs:

  • The Early Achievement and Development Gap (March 2014) - This brief describes research on the large gap in achievement and development between children growing up in poor and low-income families and their peers in more advantaged situations. It examines how early care and education policies and programs can support school readiness for all children and narrow the gap.
  • The Short- and Long-Term Impacts of Large Public Early Care and Education Programs (March 2014) - This brief describes the short- and long-term impacts of large public Early Care and Education programs in the United States for children before kindergarten entry, including what key features of programs lead to the best outcomes and how to sustain program benefits as children grow older. It does not include the many smaller ECE programs, including model or demonstration programs in the U.S. and abroad, that have also been evaluated.

2. New Tool Provides State-by-State Data on Child Wellbeing by Race and Ethnicity

Source: Institute for Child, Youth and Family Policy - March 12, 2014

On March 12, 2014, the Institute for Child, Youth and Family Policy (ICYFP) at Brandeis University launched an interactive online tool, diversitydatakids.org, which provides state-by-state data on child wellbeing and equity in the U.S. by race and ethnicity. The site allows users to create customized profiles, rankings, and maps. It also features a neighborhood-level child opportunity index, developed in partnership with the Kirwan Institute for the Study of Race and Ethnicity at Ohio State University. The launch of diversitydatakids.org was accompanied by the release of two fact sheets showing how data can contribute to a more robust narrative around diversity and racial equity for children. The site will continue to release fact sheets and other content, providing examples of how data can be used by site visitors at any level of expertise.

3. Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children

Source: Annie E. Casey Foundation - April 1, 2014

By 2018, children of color will represent the majority of children in the United States. A new report from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, Race for Results: Building a Path to Opportunity for All Children (2014), highlights concerns that African-American, Latino, Native American and some subgroups of Asian-American children face serious barriers to success. The report features the new Race for Results index that compares how children are progressing on key milestones across racial and ethnic groups at the national and state level.

4. Updated! ECS Kindergarten Database

Source: Education Commission of the States - March 31, 2014

The Education Commission of the States (ECS) recently updated their Kindergarten Database, which is an overview of kindergarten policies in the 50 states plus the District of Columbia. Some of the policies in this database include compulsory school age, teacher/student ratios, kindergarten entrance age and kindergarten entrance assessments.

5. The Abecedarian Project and Health - New Fact Sheet, Summary, and Other Resources

Source: The Heckman Equation - April 4, 2014

Last week's issue of eNotes highlighted new findings showing that children who received high-quality early care and education in the Abecedarian Project from birth until age 5 have significantly better health as adults in their mid-30s than peers who did not attend the program. The findings demonstrate the potential of quality early child programs that incorporate health and nutrition to prevent disease and promote adult health. They are the result of research conducted by Nobel laureate economist James Heckman and colleagues at the University of Chicago, University College London, and the Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute at the University of North Carolina. A new two-page fact sheet on the findings is now available online. You can also view or download the research paper, a two-page summary, and other resources at http://heckmanequation.org/health-research

6. Using Early Childhood Education to Bridge the Digital Divide - 2014

Source: RAND Corporation - Retrieved April 4, 2014

Many young children in low-income families in the U.S. do not have the same access to technology as their more-advantaged peers. This results in fewer opportunities to develop the skills they will need to succeed later in life. A new publication from the RAND Corporation discusses the important role that early childhood education can play in ensuring that low-income children have access to technology and learn how to use it. See Using Early Childhood Education to Bridge the Digital Divide (March 2014), by Lindsay Daugherty, Rafiq Dossani, Erin-Elizabeth Johnson, Mustafa Oguz

7. Envisioning a Digital Age Architecture For Early Education

Source: New America Foundation - March 26, 2014

A new brief from the Early Education Initiative at the New America Foundation, Envisioning a Digital Age Architecture For Early Education (March 2014), by Lisa Guernsey, discusses the use of technology in the field of early education and what it will take to remodel early education for the digital age.

8. In the Margins: State Child Care Assistance Policies on Provider Reimbursement

Source: National Women's Law Center - March 25, 2014

The National Women's Law Center (NWLC) recently published In the Margins: State Child Care Assistance Policies on Provider Reimbursement (March 2014), which looks at policies related to when states will reimburse for child care to accommodate the varied needs of families with challenges such as nonstandard or variable work schedules, long commutes, or children vulnerable to illnesses. Such challenges are common among the low-income families that child care assistance programs are intended to serve. For example, among workers with very low wages, 28% work most of their hours outside of the time period from 6 a.m. and 6 p.m. or on weekends and almost half report little control over their work hours. The brief is based on information collected from state child care administrators and is meant to illustrate the range of approaches states take on these critical aspects of their child care assistance programs.