Improving Systems, Practices and Outcomes

Child Development Resources

Child Development

Age-Expected Child Development Resources

Below are selected resources helpful in understanding typical child development. What resources do you use for understanding age-expected child development? Please share them with us! Email your suggestions or links to ectacenter@unc.edu.

Printable version: Age-expected resources

  • PDF: ASQ-SE Social-Emotional Development Guide: offers age-appropriate milestones in social-emotional development for children from 2 months to 60 months.
  • Video: WWW: Baby and Toddler Milestones, Albert Einstein College of Medicine (Yeshiva University), 2012: In this public service video for parents, Lisa Shulman, M.D., uses video of babies and toddlers to show the communication milestones expected in typically developing children. She also discusses what parents should do if they suspect their child is developmentally delayed.
  • WWW: American Academy of Pediatrics: Offers health and developmental milestones for different stages, and developmental signs which may need further evaluation.
  • WWW: Centers for Disease Control: Developmental Milestones: This website provides information on developmental milestones for children from 3 months to 5 years of age and offers developmental warning signs for each age group.The site also offers interactive tools for users to specify certain ages, select areas of development, and examine expected changes in milestones overtime.
  • Colorado age-anchoring resources: These materials, developed by Larimer County (Colorado), provide examples of age-expected development according to the three child outcome areas. They cover child skills and functioning from birth to 36 months.
  • WWW: First Signs: First Signs is a public awareness and training program addressing early detection and intervention of autism and other developmental disorders. This site provides information on monitoring development, typical milestones, video clips of children with ASD, and tips on sharing concerns.
  • Illinois Child Development Modules: Understanding Young Children's Development: Two narrated modules were developed by training personnel in Illinois based oncontent developed by the University of Connecticut Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities. The modules correspond to two of the three child outcome areasand are focused on identifying age-appropriate skills among children zero to three:
  • PDF: Indiana Standards Tool for Alternate Reporting of Kindergarten Readiness (ISTAR-KR) Performance Level Descriptors: This document was developed by Indiana’s Department of Education to show how observed skills and behaviors addressed by the state’s early childhood assessment relate to the three OSEP child outcomes.
  • PDF: Infant and Toddler Connection of Virginia: This manual was developed to provide a resource to assist practitioners in determining how a child is functioning in relation to their same aged peers in the three OSEP outcome areas. The manual reviews typical child development among infants and toddlers ages birth to three.The NC Department of Public Instruction (DPI) has a number of publications available to help explain the importance of child outcomes, as well as the process and requirements. Click here for more information.
  • The Infant Mental Health Program (IMHP) out of Canada created Comfort, Play & Teach (CPT) materials that include a list of developmental milestones for children birth - 60 months.  They are available in both a full set or in an overview of 6 age increments for infants, toddlers and preschoolers. IMHP also created a Hand in Hand series resource kit that provides more detail about social-emotional milestones and help providers identify how to use developmental information tuild individualized support plans and activities that support development among children with delays or disabilities. 
  • PDF: Maryland's Part C Age-Anchored Early Learning Guidelines: For children birth to age three.
  • WWW: Milestones in Action: is a free image library that features photos and videos of children demonstrating developmental milestones from 2 months to 5 years of age. This tool was created to help parents, early care and education providers, and healthcare providers identify developmental milestones in children and may be used:
    • to support information given during trainings
    • to support observations and conversations within team about age-appropriate milestones
  • WWW: The National Institute on Deafness and Other Communication Disorders: This site provides background information on speech and language development from birth to 5 years. Interactive checklists for different ages are available.
  • North Dakota DPI Age Expectation Developmental Milestones: This document was developed by North Dakota's Department of Public Instruction and documents age-expected functioning according to the three child outcomes. They also have a three-page milestones quick reference.
  • WWW: Parenting Counts Developmental Timeline: This online resource from Talaris Institute provides research-based information about children's developmental milestones from birth to age 5.
  • WWW: Pathways: An online resource for information and activities related to infant and child development.
  • WWW: University of Connecticut Center for Excellence in Developmental Disabilities: An online training module on social-emotional development in infants and toddlers related to the three OSEP child outcomes.
  • WWW: The University of Maryland Medical Center: This site provides an overview of common developmental milestones and recommendations for play activities at various ages from birth to 5 years.
  • WWW: Zero to Three: Brain development, challenging behaviors, mental health topics, play, social development, temperament, and more. Each section has interactive tools, parent handouts, tip sheets, FAQs, articles, PowerPoint slides, and other resources.
  • IDEAs that Work: Office of Special Education Programs, U.S. Department of Education

The ECTA Center is a program of the FPG Child Development Institute of the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, funded through cooperative agreement number H326P170001 from the Office of Special Education Programs, U.S. Department of Education. Opinions expressed herein do not necessarily represent the Department of Education's position or policy.

Project Officer: Julia Martin Eile     © 2012-2018 ECTA Center

  • UNC Frank Porter Graham Child Development Institute